Arnold Scheme flight training
was a three-phase training plan.
Training took place in separate primary, basic and advanced flying schools within the SEACTC area.
Each training centre headquarters was assigned a rated RAF administrative officer, and each school had a subordinate non-rated RAF administrative officer who handled discipline and pay.
Primary flying courses took place over nine to ten weeks (sixty hours) at civilian contract schools. The schools, equipped with Stearman (Boeing) PT-17 biplanes, were located at: Camden, South Carolina; Albany and Americus, Georgia; Arcadia and Lakeland, Florida; and Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Courses were run by experienced American civilian instructors.
Basic flying training took place over a nine to ten week, seventy-hour course at either Cochran Field, Georgia or Gunter Field, Alabama. The schools were equipped with Vultee BT-13 low-wing monoplanes. Courses were conducted by USAAC and RAF flight instructors.
Advanced flying training schools conducted single-engine or multi-engine courses. The single-engine courses took place in Alabama at Craig Field, near Selma or Napier Field near Dothan. Initially multi-engine training took place on single-engine North American AT-6 aircraft (due to the shortage of twin-engine aircraft) at Maxwell and Napier Fields in Alabama, and Turner Field in Georgia. However, in 1942 Maxwell became a Central Instructor's School and Moody Field, Georgia took over multi-engine advanced flying training. At this point Turner and Moody were then equipped with twin-engine AT-7, AT-10 and AT-17 trainers.
Also shown is the Pan American Airways Scheme location at Coral Gables, Miami, Florida..
This scheme trained Observers (Navigators) on the University of Miami campus, at Coral Gables, and at the nearby Dinner Key. After an initial trial of 10 RAF student in March 1941, drafts of 150 RAF trainees began entering the 12 week (later 15 week) course from July 1941. In total nine courses of RAF Observers were trained by PAA between March 1941 and October 1942.
Norman Bate in the cockpit of a BT13 at Cochran Field (1942)